Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin

Micellar electrokinetic chromatographic method for mianserin hydrochloride and analysis of degradation products by mass spectrometry.

PMID 23124562


A simple, stability-indicating micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) method was developed and validated for the analysis of mianserin hydrochloride in coated tablets. The method employed (hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (TRIS) 50 mM to which sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) 50 mM was added at pH 10.6 as the electrolyte and the voltage applied was 25 kV. The capillary used was 48.5 cm long (40.0 cm effective length and 50.0 µm i.d.) and the detection wavelength was 220 nm. Tetracycline was used as internal standard. The method was validated in accordance with the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) requirements, which involved specificity, linearity, precision, accuracy and robustness. The stability-indicating capability of the method was established by enforced degradation studies combined with peak purity assessment using photodiode array detection. The degradation products formed under photolytic and oxidative conditions were investigated by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The method was linear over the concentration range of 50-130 µg/mL. The method was precise as demonstrated by an inter-day and intra-day relative standard deviation of less than 2.0%. The proposed validated MEKC method showed recoveries between 98.16 and 102.80% of the nominal contents. The Plackett-Burman design was applied for the robustness test in order to examine potential sources of variability by screening a large number of factors in a relatively small number of experiments.