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Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica

[Comparison on in vivo pharmacokinetics of brucine, total alkaloids of Strychni Semen and Strychni Semen pulveratum in rats].


PMID 23126206

Abstract

To study different in vivo pharmacokinetic regularity of brucine, total alkaloids of scorched sand-prepared Strychni Semen products and Strychni Semen pulveratum in rats, and probe into mutual impact between single component and compound. Rats in each group were orally administered with brucine, total alkaloids of scorched sand-prepared Strychni Semen products and Strychni Semen pulveratum suspension. The in vivo plasma concentrations of brucine in rats were determined by HPLC. A compartment model was made for the blood drug concentration-time curve using 3P97 software package and the pharmacokinetic parameters of each group were calculated and compared. The in vivo metabolic process of brucine in rats complied with the two-compartment model, weight W = 1/C2. The results of variance analysis showed that among three existing forms of brucine with same dosage, the brucine solution group and the total alkaloids group of scorched sand-prepared Strychni Semen products showed significant differences in C(max), MRT (P < 0.05); and the brucine solution group and the Strychni Semen pulveratum suspension group showed significant differences in C(max), AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-infinity), in which the latter displayed minimum C(max), AUC(0-t) and AUC(0-infinity). The total alkaloids group of scorched sand-prepared Strychni Semen products showed a relatively longer retention time of effective components of brucine in plasma, while the Strychni Semen pulveratum suspension group showed a lower bioavailability.

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