Renal failure

Aged rats are susceptible to nephrotoxicity induced by iodinated contrast media.

PMID 23151234


The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect and mechanism of aging on iodinated-contrast-media-induced nephropathy in male rats. Twenty-four healthy male rats were initially divided into 12-month-old and 24-month-old age groups (adult and older age groups, respectively; n = 12/group); subsequently, each age group was randomly divided into saline control (NS) and contrast media (CM) groups (n = 6/group). CM (76% diatrizoate, 10 mL/kg b.w.) was given through the caudal vein. Urinary creatinine (Ucr) and serum creatinine (Scr) were detected by an automatic biochemical analyzer. The activities of renal malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensin II (Ang II), and reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NADPH oxidase) were determined by spectrophotometric assays with commercially available kits according to the manufacturers' protocols. Renal histological changes were observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining and scored semiquantitatively. In diatrizoate-injected aged rats, Scr, the activities of ACE, Ang II, MDA, and NADPH oxidase in renal tissues were significantly increased (p < 0.01). The histologic scores were higher in the aged animals with CM treatment than those of control or adult rats (p < 0.01). There was an increasing trend but no significant statistical difference in renal ACE, Ang II, MDA, and NADPH oxidase or histologic scores in adult CM-injected rats compared with control animals (p > 0.05). Older age is an aggravating factor of iodinated-contrast-media-induced nephropathy in male rats. Oxidative stress and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may play an important role in nephrotoxicity induced by iodinated contrast media, especially in aged male rats.

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Meglumine diatrizoate
C7H17NO5 · C11H9I3N2O4