Ultrasonics sonochemistry

Sonodynamic and sonocatalytic damage of BSA molecules by Cresol Red, Cresol Red-DA and Cresol Red-DA-Fe under ultrasonic irradiation.

PMID 23153545


The interaction of Cresol Red derivatives (Cresol Red (o-Cresolsulfonphthalein), Cresol Red-DA (3,3'-Bis [N,N-di (carboxymethyl) aminomethyl]-o-cresolsulfonphthalein) and Cresol Red-DA-Fe(III) (3,3'-Bis [N,N-di (carboxymethyl) aminomethyl]-o-cresolsulfonphthalein-Ferrous(III)) with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were studied by the combination of ultraviolet spectroscopy, circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy and synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy. On that basis, the sonodynamic and sonocatalytic damages of Cresol Red derivatives to BSA under ultrasonic irradiation were also investigated by means of corresponding spectrum technology. Meanwhile, some influenced factors such as ultrasonic irradiation time, Cresol Red derivatives concentration and ionic strength on the damage degree of BSA molecules were also reviewed. In addition, the binding site and damage site of BSA molecules were estimated by synchronous fluorescence spectra. Finally, the results of oxidation-extraction photometry (OEP) using several reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavengers indicated that the damage of BSA molecules is mainly due to the generation of ROS. Perhaps, this paper may offer some important subjects for broadening the application of Cresol Red derivatives in sonodynamic therapy (SDT) and sonocatalytic therapy (SCT) technologies for tumor treatment.