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Learning & memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.)

Latent inhibition in an insect: the role of aminergic signaling.


PMID 23161448

Abstract

Latent inhibition (LI) is a decrement in learning performance that results from the nonreinforced pre-exposure of the to-be-conditioned stimulus, in both vertebrates and invertebrates. In vertebrates, LI development involves dopamine and serotonin; in invertebrates there is yet no information. We studied differential olfactory conditioning of the proboscis extension response in the honeybee Apis mellifera, and we compared LI in individuals treated with antagonists of biogenic amines (dopamine, octopamine, and serotonin). An antagonist of octopamine receptors and two antagonists of serotonin receptors showed LI disruption. We thus provide evidence that serotonin would participate in the regulation of LI in honeybees.