Microchip CE-LIF method for the hydrolysis of L-glutamine by using L-asparaginase enzyme reactor based on gold nanoparticle.

PMID 23161488


L-Asparaginase (L-Asnase) can suppress the growth of malignant cells by rapid depletion of two essential amino acids, L-glutamine (L-Gln) and L-asparagine (L-Asn). To study the cytotoxic effect and the secondary complications of L-Asnase in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, the development of a novel enzyme reactor of L-Asnase for the hydrolysis of L-Gln, employing the enzyme-gold nanoparticle conjugates in capillary, was reported in this work. First, a microchip CE (MCE)-LIF was established for the separation of L-amino acids (L-Gln and L-glutamic acid) and studying the hydrolysis of L-Gln by using L-Asnase enzyme reactor. Then, using L-Gln as target analyte, the enzyme kinetics of L-Asnase in free solution, enzyme-gold nanoparticle conjugates (E-GNP), and the enzyme-gold nanoparticle conjugates immobilized in capillary (E-GNP-C) were investigated in detail with the proposed MCE-LIF method. Moreover, for optimizing the enzymatic reaction efficiency, three important parameters, including the length of capillary, the enzyme concentration reacted with gold nanoparticle and the amount of L-Asnase immobilized on the gold nanoparticle, have been studied. Owing to the high specific activity, the E-GNP-C enzyme reactor exhibited the best performance for the hydrolysis of L-Gln.

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