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Chemosphere

Kinetics and mechanism for omethoate degradation by catalytic ozonation with Fe(III)-loaded activated carbon in water.


PMID 23177714

Abstract

The kinetics and mechanism for degradation of omethoate (OMT) by catalytic ozonation with Fe(III)-loaded activated carbon (Fe@AC) were investigated in this study with focus on identification of degradation byproducts. The rate constants of OMT reacting with ozone and hydroxyl radical ((·)OH) were determined to be 0.04 and 5.3×10(8) M(-1) s(-1) at pH 7.5 and 20 °C, respectively. OMT was predominantly degraded by ()OH in the catalytic ozonation with Fe@AC. The high-molecular-weight degradation byproducts identified were O,O,O-trimethyl phosphoric ester (TMP), pyrrolidin-2-one, N-methyl-2-sulfanylacetamide, 2-(methylthio)acetamide, O,O,S-trimethylthiophosphate (STMP), and N-methyl-2-(methylthio)acetamide. Besides, low-molecular-weight organic acids and inorganic anions were also detected and quantified, including formic, acetic and oxalic acids as well as nitrate, sulfate and phosphate ions. In the catalytic ozonation, TMP and phosphate were two major P-containing byproducts resulting from OMT degradation. The toxicity of OMT solution gradually decreased during the catalytic ozonation, indicating that Fe@AC is a safe catalyst for OMT removal by ozone in water.

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