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Pharmaceutical research

Measurement of drug concentration in the stomach after intragastric administration of drug solution to healthy volunteers: analysis of intragastric fluid dynamics and drug absorption.


PMID 23179782

Abstract

To evaluate the time-profile of intragastric fluid volume in humans after intragastric administration of drug solution. Eight healthy volunteers were intragastrically administered 150 mL of drug solution containing atenolol (non-absorbable marker) and salicylic acid, then, aliquots of gastric fluid (ca. 2 mL) were sampled for 2 h through the catheter. Rate constants for secretion and emptying of the fluid were obtained by fitting the time-course of atenolol concentration to the simple gastric fluid transit model. Absorption of salicylic acid from the stomach was estimated by comparing its gastric concentration with that of atenolol. Kinetic analysis of atenolol concentration in the stomach indicated a rapid emptying of the fluid with an average half-life of 4.2 min. Steady-state intragastric fluid volume in 8 volunteers was estimated as 4-133 mL with an average of 42 mL. Intragastric concentration (normalized by dose) of salicylic acid was always lower than that of atenolol, showing approximately 40% of salicylic acid was absorbed from the stomach before emptying to the intestine. This study provided valuable information on intragastric fluid dynamics and gastric drug absorption in humans to establish a better in vitro-in vivo correlation in oral drug absorption.

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