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Endocrine-related cancer

miR-1290 and its potential targets are associated with characteristics of estrogen receptor α-positive breast cancer.


PMID 23183268

Abstract

Recent analyses have identified heterogeneity in estrogen receptor α (ERα)-positive breast cancer. Subtypes called luminal A and luminal B have been identified, and the tumor characteristics, such as response to endocrine therapy and prognosis, are different in these subtypes. However, little is known about how the biological characteristics of ER-positive breast cancer are determined. In this study, expression profiles of microRNAs (miRNAs) and mRNAs in ER-positive breast cancer tissue were compared between ER(high) Ki67(low) tumors and ER(low) Ki67(high) tumors by miRNA and mRNA microarrays. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering analyses revealed distinct expression patterns of miRNAs and mRNAs in these groups. We identified a downregulation of miR-1290 in ER(high) Ki67(low) tumors. Among 11 miRNAs that were upregulated in ER(high) Ki67(low) tumors, quantitative RT-PCR detection analysis using 64 samples of frozen breast cancer tissue identified six miRNAs (let-7a, miR-15a, miR-26a, miR-34a, miR-193b, and miR-342-3p). We picked up 11 genes that were potential target genes of the selected miRNAs and that were differentially expressed in ER(high) Ki67(low) tumors and ER(low) Ki67(high) tumors. Protein expression patterns of the selected target genes were analyzed in 256 ER-positive breast cancer samples by immunohistochemistry: miR-1290 and its putative targets, BCL2, FOXA1, MAPT, and NAT1, were identified. Transfection experiments revealed that introduction of miR-1290 into ER-positive breast cancer cells decreased expression of NAT1 and FOXA1. Our results suggest that miR-1290 and its potential targets might be associated with characteristics of ER-positive breast cancer.