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Journal of bronchology & interventional pulmonology

Successful closure of bronchopleural fistula with Xeroform dressing.


PMID 23207473

Abstract

Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a communication between the pleural space and the bronchial tree, and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Treatment options for BPF include surgical closure and medical therapy. In an unstable patient, invasive surgical intervention is not an option. In this article, we report the case of a 61-year-old man who developed pneumothorax with a large BPF after a bronchoscopic resection of a malignant endobronchial lesion. We inserted a piece of 1.5×1.5-cm Xeroform dressing to seal the massive air leak with successful closure of the BPF. To our knowledge, this is the first report of successful closure of a massive BPF with Xeroform dressing in an acutely decompensating patient.