EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

The Journal of surgical research

Denervation stage differentially influences resistance to neuromuscular blockers in rat gastrocnemius.


PMID 23211957

Abstract

Muscle denervation was common in clinical surgery patients, which was mostly caused by trauma, paraplegia, and other factors. Denervated muscle in patients could lead to significant differential reaction to neuromuscle blockers due to the time of denervation and affected muscle area. We tested the hypothesis that resistance to non-depolarizing muscle relaxants (NDMRs) changes with time, and is related to the expression of immature and total acetylcholine receptors (AChRs). The study evaluated the effect change of neuromuscular blockers in tibial nerve transected rat model. To determine 50% effective dose of NDMRs and succinycholine at 1, 7, 14, 28, and 35 days after denervation, action potential amplitude was monitorted by intracellular recording method. The messenger DNA that encodes the AChR-γ and AChR-ε subunits and the protein of the -γ and -ε subunits were quantified in the gastrocnemius by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blotting respectively. Receptor number and pharmacodynamic changes was analyzed by correlation and regression analysis. Increased AChR-γ correlated with total AChRs, suggesting that the up-regulated AChRs may contain the immature isoform. The 50% effective dose of vecuronium and atracurium increased 1.2- to 1.5-fold at all time periods and correlated significantly with AChRs and AChR-γ. After denervation, resistance to NDMRs occurred earlier, was more marked from 14 days, and changes in resistance to NDMRs in skeletal muscle after nerve injury is dependent on the level of expression of immature and total AChRs. Denervation time should be of concern when such patients undergo surgery.