The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology

Astragaloside IV inhibited the activity of CYP1A2 in liver microsomes and influenced theophylline pharmacokinetics in rats.

PMID 23215698


With the growing popularity of herbal and natural medicinal products, attention has turned to possible interactions between these products and pharmaceutical drugs. In this study, we examined whether astragaloside IV (AGS-IV) could inhibit the activity of CYP1A2 in rat liver microsomes in vitro and in vivo. The effect of AGS-IV on CYP1A2 activity was investigated using probe substrates: phenacetin in vitro and theophylline in vivo. Phenacetin was incubated in rat liver microsomes with or without AGS-IV, and the mechanism, kinetics and type of inhibition were determined. The inhibitory effect of AGS-IV on CYP1A2 activity in rats was also determined using theophylline in vivo. The pharmacokinetics of theophylline were observed after a single or week-long treatment with AGS-IV. AGS-IV was found to be a competitive inhibitor with a K(i) value of 6.29 μM in vitro. In the multiple-pretreatment rat group, it was found to have a significantly higher area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) for theophylline, as well as a lower apparent oral total body clearance value (CL/F). In contrast, no significant difference in metabolism of theophylline was found for the single pretreatment group. These findings suggest that AGS-IV is a potent inhibitor of CYP1A2. This work offers a useful reference for the reasonable and safe use of clinically prescribed herbal or natural products to avoid unnecessary herb-drug interactions.