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Biochemistry

Structure and activity of PA5508, a hexameric glutamine synthetase homologue.


PMID 23234431

Abstract

The structure of PA5508 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a glutamine synthetase (GS) homologue, has been determined at 2.5 Å. Surprisingly, PA5508 forms single hexameric rings rather than the stacked double rings that are characteristic of GS. The C-terminal helical thong motif that links GS rings is present in PA5508; however, it is folded back toward the core of its own polypeptide, preventing it from interacting with a second ring. Interestingly, PA5508 displays a clear preference for aromatic amine substrates. Unique aspects of the structure illustrate how the enzyme is able to catalyze reactions involving bulky amines rather than ammonia.