International journal of peptide and protein research

BOP reagent for the coupling of pGlu and Boc-His(Tos) in solid phase peptide synthesis.

PMID 2323890


The model peptide TRH was successfully synthesized using benzotriazol-1-yl-oxy-tris(dimethylamino)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate (BOP reagent). The coupling reactions were carried out in N,N-dimethylformamide or N-methylpyrrolidone. These solvents allowed the incorporation of the N-terminal pyroglutamic acid residue into the peptide chain, without using the derivative bearing the N-benzyloxycarbonyl group, which acts as a solubility promoter. A comparative racemization study showed that Boc-His(Tos) can be coupled by means of BOP reagent with less racemization than with DCC when the amount of diisopropylethylamine (DIEA) is kept minimal (same ratio of equivalents as for Boc-His(Tos), i.e. 3 equiv.). However, with the use of a larger amount of DIEA in the coupling mixture (9 equiv.), approximately 3% of epimer was found in the crude product. Our study showed that even under low DIEA conditions, the rate of coupling of the residues with BOP remained comparable to that observed with DCC.