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Journal of medicinal chemistry

Novel cyclopentadienyl tricarbonyl complexes of (99m)Tc mimicking chalcone as potential single-photon emission computed tomography imaging probes for β-amyloid plaques in brain.


PMID 23240831

Abstract

Rhenium and technetium-99m cyclopentadienyl tricarbonyl complexes mimicking the chalcone structure were prepared. These complexes were proved to have affinity to β-amyloid (Aβ) in fluorescent staining on brain sections of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) patient and binding assay using Aβ(1-42) aggregates, with K(i) values ranging from 899 to 108 nM as the extension of conjugated π system. In vitro autoradiograpy on sections of transgenic mouse brain confirmed the affinity of [(99m)Tc]5 (K(i) = 108 nM). In biodistribution, all compounds showed good initial uptakes into the brain and fast blood clearance, while the decreasing of initial brain uptakes correspond to increasing of conjugation length, from 4.10 ± 0.38% ID/g ([(99m)Tc]3) to 1.11 ± 0.34% ID/g ([(99m)Tc]5). These small technetium-99m complexes (<500 Da) designed by an integrated approach provide encouraging evidence that development of a promising (99m)Tc-labeled agent for imaging Aβ plaques in the brain may be feasible.

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