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Poultry science

Assessment of potential enhancing effects of a carbohydrase mixture on phytase efficacy in male broiler chicks fed phosphorus-deficient diets from 1 to 18 days of age.


PMID 23243247

Abstract

A total of 540 one-day-old male broiler chicks were used to evaluate the potential enhancing effects of a mixture of 2 commercial carbohydrase preparations on phytase efficacy. A nonphytate phosphorus (nPP) deficient diet (0.15%) was supplemented with different levels of phytase (0X, 1X, 2X, and 3X of recommended level of 500 phytase units per kg of feed), individually or in combination with different levels of a mixture of 2 commercial carbohydrase enzymes [0X, 1X, and 2X of recommended level (X = 0.2 g per kg of feed; a mix with predominantly xylanase and β-glucanase activity)] to determine their effects on performance and bone development. A standard response curve was developed using graded levels of nPP (0.15 to 0.45%) from dicalcium phosphate in a diet with no phytase supplementation to estimate the phosphorus equivalency of the different enzyme combinations. Each diet was fed to 6 replicate pens of 5 male chicks from 1 to 18 d of age. Phytase at normal usage levels of 500 phytase units per kg of feed was effective (P < 0.05) in improving BW, increasing feed intake, reducing mortality rate, and increasing toe and tibia ash without significantly influencing feed conversion. Addition of extra levels of phytase (2X and 3X) significantly (P < 0.05) improved toe and tibia ash without further affecting performance traits. The carbohydrase mixture failed to improve performance or enhance phytase efficacy. The phosphorus equivalency of phytase was dose dependent, with estimates of 0.100, 0.123, and 0.213% for 1X, 2X, and 3X supplementation levels of phytase, respectively, based on tibia ash. In conclusion, results indicate that increasing the level of phytase resulted in significant improvements in utilization of dietary nPP, whereas the carbohydrase preparation had no significant effects on performance or had limited effects in enhancing phytase ability in young broiler chicks.

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P1259 Phytase from wheat, ≥0.01 unit/mg solid