Molecular pharmacology

KT5926, a potent and selective inhibitor of myosin light chain kinase.

PMID 2325635


KT5926, (8R*,9S*,11S*)-(-)-9-hydroxy-9-methoxycarbonyl-8-methyl-14-n-propoxy-2,3 ,9, 10-tetrahydro-8,11-epoxy, 1H,8H, 11H-2,7b,11a-triazadibenzo[a,g]cycloocta[cde] trinden-1-one, was found to be a potent and selective inhibitor of myosin light chain kinase. The compound inhibited both Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent and -independent smooth muscle myosin light chain kinases to a similar extent. The inhibition was not affected by the concentration of calmodulin. Kinetic analyses showed that the mode of inhibition was of the competitive type with respect to ATP (Ki, 18 nM) and of the noncompetitive type with respect to myosin light chain (Ki, 12 nM). These results indicated that KT5926 directly interacted with the enzyme at the catalytic site. KT5926 also inhibited other protein kinases, but with relatively high Ki values; the values for protein kinase C, cAMP-dependent protein kinase, and cGMP-dependent protein kinase were 723, 1200, and 158 nM, respectively. Ca2(+)-ATPase, Na+/K(+)-ATPase, hexokinase, and 5'-nucleotidase were not inhibited by KT5926 at less than 10 microM. The effect of KT5926 on serotonin secretion and protein phosphorylation induced by platelet-activating factor or phorbol ester was examined in rabbit platelets. KT5926 inhibited the phosphorylation of a 20-kDa protein but had no effect on the phosphorylation of a 40-kDa protein, thereby indicating that the compound exerts its selective inhibition of myosin light chain kinase in intact cells. The compound inhibited serotonin secretion induced by platelet-activating factor, but its potency was significantly less than that of K-252a, (8R*,9S*,11S*)-(-)-9-hydroxy-9-methoxycarbonyl-8-methyl-2,3,9, 10-tetrahydro-8,11-epoxy-1H,8H,11H-2,7b, 11a-triazadibenzo[a,g]cycloocta [cde]trinden-1-one, which inhibited the phosphorylation of both the 20-kDa protein and the 40-kDa protein. Phorbol ester-induced secretion was not suppressed by KT5926. These results provide the evidence that both the 20-kDa protein phosphorylation by myosin light chain kinase and the 40-kDa protein phosphorylation by protein kinase C substantially contribute to the secretion response in platelets.