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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

Inhibitory effect of novel somatostatin peptide analogues on human cancer cell growth based on the selective inhibition of DNA polymerase β.


PMID 23266186

Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate the anticancer activity of novel nine small peptides (compounds 1-9) derived from TT-232, a somatostatin structural analogue, by analyzing the inhibition of mammalian DNA polymerase (pol) and human cancer cell growth. Among the compounds tested, compounds 3 [tert-butyloxycarbonyl (Boc)-Tyr-Phe-1-naphthylamide], 4 (Boc-Tyr-Ile-1-naphthylamide), 5 (Boc-Tyr-Leu-1-naphthylamide) and 6 (Boc-Tyr-Val-1-naphthylamide) containing tyrosine (Tyr) but no carboxyl groups, selectively inhibited the activity of rat pol β, which is a DNA repair-related pol. Compounds 3-6 strongly inhibited the growth of human colon carcinoma HCT116 p53(+/+) cells. The influence of compounds 1-9 on HCT116 p53(-/-) cell growth was similar to that observed for HCT116 p53(+/+) cells. These results suggest that the cancer cell growth suppression induced by these compounds might be related to their inhibition of pol. Compound 4 was the strongest inhibitor of pol β and cancer cell growth among the nine compounds tested. This compound specifically inhibited rat pol β activity, but had no effect on the other 10 mammalian pols investigated. Compound 4 combined with methyl methane sulfonate (MMS) treatment synergistically suppressed HCT116 p53(-/-) cell growth compared with MMS alone. This compound also induced apoptosis in HCT116 cells with or without p53. From these results, the influence of compound 4, a specific pol β inhibitor, on the relationship between DNA repair and cancer cell growth is discussed.

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