Experimental and toxicologic pathology : official journal of the Gesellschaft fur Toxikologische Pathologie

Immunohistochemistry of LAMP-2 and adipophilin for phospholipidosis in liver and kidney in ketoconazole-treated mice.

PMID 23276623


Drug-induced phospholipidosis is an abnormal accumulation of phospholipids in the lysosomes following repeated administration of cationic amphiphilic drugs. Phospholipidosis is detected histopathologically as cytoplasmic vacuolation; however, it is difficult to distinguish from lipid accumulation since their morphological features are similar. In this study, we investigated the usefulness of immunohistochemistry for lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 (LAMP-2) and adipophilin, a membrane protein of cytosolic non-lysosomal lipid droplets, in the liver and kidneys of mice orally administered ketoconazole, an inducer of hepatic phospholipidosis. In 7-week-old mice administered ketoconazole (300 mg/kg/day) for 7 days, cytoplasmic vacuolation was histopathologically observed in centrilobular hepatocytes and proximal tubular epithelial cells under the fasted condition. The cytoplasmic vacuolation consisted of foamy vacuoles, which were revealed to be phospholipidosis-characteristic lamellar bodies by electron microscopy. Furthermore, lipid-like vacuoles were observed in the perilobular hepatocytes, and revealed to be lipid droplets by electron microscopy. In immunohistochemistry, the foamy vacuoles and lipid-like vacuoles were positive for LAMP-2 and adipophilin, respectively. These results indicate that immunohistochemistry for LAMP-2 and adipophilin could distinguish between phospholipidosis and lipid accumulation. Additionally, it could detect ketoconazole-induced phospholipidosis in the glycogen-rich livers of non-fasted mice. In conclusion, ketoconazole induced phospholipidosis in not only the liver but also the kidneys, and immunohistochemistry for LAMP-2 and adipophilin could be useful for the pathological evaluation of drug-induced phospholipidosis in mice.