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Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry

Binary complexes of ammonia with phenylacetylenes: a combined experimental and computational approach to explore multiple minima on intermolecular potentials.


PMID 23281120

Abstract

The hydrogen-bonded complexes of phenylacetylene, 4-fluorophenylacetylene, 2-fluorophenylacetylene, and 2,6-difluorophenylacetylene with ammonia are investigated using IR-UV double resonance spectroscopy in combination with high-level ab initio calculations at the CCSD(T)/CBS level of theory. The C-H···N hydrogen-bonded complex, which involves an interaction of ammonia with the acetylenic CH group is the global minimum and is observed in all four cases investigated. In addition, phenylacetylene and 4-fluorophenylacetylene form a quasi-planar cyclic complexes with ammonia incorporating N-H···π and C-H···N hydrogen bonds, wherein the π-electron density of the acetylenic C≡C bond acts as an acceptor to the N-H group of ammonia. A third ammonia complex is observed for 4-fluorophenylacetylene in which ammonia interacts with the fluorine atom once again, leading to the formation of a quasi-planar cyclic complex. The substitution of the fluorine atom on the phenyl ring of phenylacetylene modulates the intermolecular potentials, which are dependent on the position of the substitution.

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