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[Effects of cromolyn sodium on intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting PAR-2 expression in rats].


PMID 23290058

Abstract

To explore the effects of cromolyn sodium (CS) on intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (IIR) and its relationship with mast cell activation and protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR-2) expression. A total of 32 SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: sham-operated (S), intestinal ischemia reperfusion (IIR), CS (a mast cell stabilizer, CS, 25 mg/kg) and compound 48/80 (a mast cell degranulation, CP, 0.75 mg/kg) (n = 8 each). IIR was induced by clamping superior mesenteric artery for 75 min followed by reperfusion for 3 hours. The above agents were intravenously administrated at 5 min pre-reperfusion. Rats were then sacrificed and intestinal issues harvested for histological examinations. The tryptase expression and mast cell count were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. PAR-2 was analyzed by Western blot. The Chiu's score (0.75 ± 0.21), mast cell count (10 ± 3), tryptase expression (125 ± 15) and PAR-2 expression (109 ± 10) of group S were the least while those of group CP the most (all P < 0.05). The Chiu's score (2.14 ± 0.64), mast cell count (15 ± 4), tryptase expression (138 ± 17) and PAR-2 expression (124 ± 12) of group CS were less than those of groups IIR and CP (all P < 0.05). Cromolyn sodium may reduce IIR injury by stabilizing mast cell membrane and inhibiting the expressions of tryptase and PAR-2.

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C0399
Cromolyn sodium salt, ≥95%
C23H14Na2O11