Inorganic chemistry

Effects of sequence, connectivity, and counter ions in new amide-linked Ru(tpy)2-Re(bpy) chromophores on redox chemistry and photophysics.

PMID 23311446


New cationic metallo ligands L1-L3 based on bis(terpyridine) ruthenium(II) complexes decorated with differently substituted 2,2'-bipyridines attached via amide groups (5-NHCO-bpy, 4-CONH-bpy, 5-CONH-bpy) were prepared. Coordination of Re(I)Cl(CO)(3) fragments to the bpy unit gives the corresponding bimetallic Ru~Re complexes 1-3. Hydrogen bonds of the bridging amide groups to [PF(6)](-) counterions or to water molecules are observed both in the solid state and in solution. The impact of the amide orientation, the connecting site, and the coordination of counterions on redox and photophysical properties is explored. Both the metallo ligands L1-L3 and the bimetallic complexes 1-3 are emissive at room temperature in fluid solution. The emission originates from (3)MLCT(Ru) states in all cases. Accordingly, the first oxidation of L1-L3 and 1-3 to [L1](+)-[L3](+) and [1](+)-[3](+) is assigned to the Ru(II/III) couple, while the first reduction to [L1](-)-[L3](-) and [1](-)-[3](-) occurs at the tpy-CO ligand as shown by UV/vis, IR, and EPR spectroscopy of the chemically generated radicals. Under rapid freezing conditions, radicals [2](-) and [3](-) are stabilized as different valence isomers with the odd electron localized at the [bpy-CO](•) bridging unit instead of the [tpy-CO](•). Furthermore, in radical [3](-) this valence equilibrium is shifted from [bpy-CO](•) to [tpy-CO](•) by coordination of [PF(6)](-) counterions to the bridging amide unit and back by replacing the [PF(6)](-) counterion with [BPh(4)](-). Photoinduced electron transfer (λ(exc) = 500 nm) to L1-L3 and to 1-3 is successful using triethanolamine (TEOA) as a reducing agent. Photocatalytic reduction of CO(2) by TEOA and 1-3 is hampered by the wrong site of electron localization in the one-electron reduced species [1](-)-[3](-).