Journal of medicinal food

Ferulic acid suppresses glutamate release through inhibition of voltage-dependent calcium entry in rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals.

PMID 23342970


This study investigated the effects and possible mechanism of ferulic acid, a naturally occurring phenolic compound, on endogenous glutamate release in the nerve terminals of the cerebral cortex in rats. Results show that ferulic acid inhibited the release of glutamate evoked by the K⁺ channel blocker 4-aminopyridine (4-AP). The effect of ferulic acid on the evoked glutamate release was prevented by chelating the extracellular Ca²⁺ ions, but was insensitive to the glutamate transporter inhibitor DL-threo-beta-benzyl-oxyaspartate. Ferulic acid suppressed the depolarization-induced increase in a cytosolic-free Ca²⁺ concentration, but did not alter 4-AP-mediated depolarization. Furthermore, the effect of ferulic acid on evoked glutamate release was abolished by blocking the Ca(v)2.2 (N-type) and Ca(v)2.1 (P/Q-type) channels, but not by blocking ryanodine receptors or mitochondrial Na⁺/Ca²⁺ exchange. These results show that ferulic acid inhibits glutamate release from cortical synaptosomes in rats through the suppression of presynaptic voltage-dependent Ca²⁺ entry.