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Journal of medicinal chemistry

Design and synthesis of cyclopropylamide analogues of combretastatin-A4 as novel microtubule-stabilizing agents.


PMID 23356786

Abstract

A series of novel cyclopropylamide analogues of combretastatin-A4 (CA-4) were designed and synthesized. Most of them had significant in vitro antiproliferative activities, particularly for compounds 7i4, 7c4, 8a4, and 8c4. Moreover, compound 8c4 was also equally potent against paclitaxel resistant cancer cells. Interestingly, the novel cyclopropylamide analogues had different binding mechanisms from CA-4. Instead of inhibiting tubulin polymerization, these CA-4 derivatives were able to stimulate tubulin polymerization. Flow cytometry revealed that compound 8c4 arrested A549 cancer cells in the G2/M phase and resulted in cellular apoptosis. Further immunofluorescence assays revealed that compound 8c4 induced mitotic arrest in A549 cells through disrupting microtubule dynamics. In addition, compound 8c4 also effectively inhibited the tumor growth in the A549 xenograft model without causing significant loss of body weight. Compound 8c4 represents a novel class of microtubule-stabilizing agent and can be used as a promising lead for the development of new antitumor agents.

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C7744
Combretastatin A4, ≥98% (HPLC), powder
C18H20O5