BMC infectious diseases

Heparin binding protein in patients with acute respiratory failure treated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (filgrastim)--a prospective, placebo-controlled, double-blind study.

PMID 23363492


Heparin Binding Protein (HBP) is released to blood circulation from activated neutrophils in bacterial infections. It is a potential inducer of vascular leakage and precludes the development of septic shock. Filgrastim induces the production of new neutrophils and modulates their bacterial-killing activity. We evaluated the effect of filgrastim on HBP -concentrations in critically ill patients with acute respiratory failure. 59 critically ill patients with acute respiratory failure were included in this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of filgrastim 300 micrograms/day or corresponding placebo for 7 days. Plasma samples were drawn on baseline, day 4 and day 7. HBP -concentrations, absolute leukocyte and neutrophil counts were measured. The median [IQR] HBP concentrations were 23.6 ng/ml [13.9-43.0 ng/ml], 25.1 ng/ml [17.7-35.5 ng/ml] and 15.9 ng/ml [12.6-20.7 ng/ml] in patients receiving filgrastim on baseline, day 4 and day 7, respectively. The HBP concentrations in placebo group were 21.6 ng/ml [16.9-28.7 ng/ml], 13.9 ng/ml [12.0-19.5 ng/ml] and 17.8 ng/ml [13.6-20.9 ng/ml]. At day 4, the filgrastim group had significantly higher HBP -concentrations when compared to placebo group (p < 0.05). No correlation between HBP-concentrations and absolute neutrophil count or P/F -ratios was found. Filgrastim treatment is associated with increased circulating HBP levels compared to placebo, but the absolute neutrophil count or the degree of oxygenation failure did not correlate with the observed plasma HBP-concentrations.

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Y0001173 Filgrastim, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard