European journal of pharmacology

Glial cell modulators attenuate methamphetamine self-administration in the rat.

PMID 23375937


Neuroinflammation induced by activated microglia and astrocytes can be elicited by drugs of abuse. Methamphetamine administration activates glial cells and increases proinflammatory cytokine production, and there is recent evidence of a linkage between glial cell activation and drug abuse-related behavior. We have previously reported that ibudilast (AV411; 3-isobutyryl-2-isopropylpyrazolo-[1,5-a]pyridine), which inhibits phosphodiesterase (PDE) and pro-inflammatory activity, blocks reinstatement of methamphetamine-maintained responding in rats, and that ibudilast and AV1013, an amino analog of ibudilast, which has similar glial-attenuating properties but limited PDE activity, attenuate methamphetamine-induced locomotor activity and sensitization in mice. The present study's objective was to determine whether co-administered ibudilast, AV1013, or minocycline, which is a tetracycline derivative that also suppresses methamphetamine-induced glial activation, would attenuate active methamphetamine i.v. self-administration in Long-Evans hooded rats. Rats were initially trained to press a lever for 0.1mg/kg/inf methamphetamine according to a FR1 schedule during 2-h daily sessions. Once stable responding was obtained, twice daily ibudilast (1, 7.5, 10mg/kg), AV1013 (1, 10, 30mg/kg), or once daily minocycline (10, 30, 60mg/kg), or their corresponding vehicles, were given i.p. for three consecutive days during methamphetamine (0.001, 0.03, 0.1mg/kg/inf) self-administration. Ibudilast, AV1013, and minocycline all significantly (p<0.05) reduced responding maintained by 0.03mg/kg/inf methamphetamine that had maintained the highest level of infusions under vehicle conditions. These results suggest that targeting glial cells may provide a novel approach to pharmacotherapy for treating methamphetamineabuse.

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Ibudilast, ≥99% (HPLC), solid
C14 H18 N2 O