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Inorganic chemistry

Dual role of acetate as a nucleophile and as an internal base in cycloplatination reaction of sym-N,N',N″-triarylguanidines.


PMID 23391250

Abstract

Reaction of cis-[Cl(2)Pt(S(O)Me(2))(2)] with 1 equiv of sym-N,N',N″-triarylguanidines, ArN═C(NHAr)(2) (sym = symmetrical; Ar = 2-MeC(6)H(4) (LH(2)(2-tolyl)), 2-(MeO)C(6)H(4) (LH(2)(2-anisyl)), 4-MeC(6)H(4) (LH(2)(4-tolyl)), 2,5-Me(2)C(6)H(3) (LH(2)(2,5-xylyl)), and 2,6-Me(2)C(6)H(3) (LH(2)(2,6-xylyl))) in toluene under reflux condition for 3 h afforded cis- or trans-[Cl(2)Pt(S(O)Me(2))(ArN═C(NHAr)(2))] (Ar = 2-MeC(6)H(4) (1), 2-(MeO)C(6)H(4) (2), 4-MeC(6)H(4) (3), 2,5-Me(2)C(6)H(3) (4), and 2,6-Me(2)C(6)H(3) (5), respectively) in 83-96% yield. Reaction of cis-[Cl(2)Pt(S(O)Me(2))(2)] with 1 equiv of LH(2)(2-tolyl) and LH(2)(4-tolyl) in the presence of 1 equiv of NaOAc in methanol under reflux condition for 3 h afforded acetate-substituted products, cis-[(AcO)ClPt(S(O)Me(2))(ArN═C(NHAr)(2))] (Ar = 2-MeC(6)H(4) (6) and 4-MeC(6)H(4) (7)) in 83% and 84% yields, respectively. Reaction of cis-[Cl(2)Pt(S(O)Me(2))(2)] with 1 equiv of LH(2)(2-anisyl) and LH(2)(2-tolyl) in the presence of 1 equiv of NaOAc in methanol under reflux condition for 3 and 12 h afforded six-membered [C,N] platinacycles, [Pt{κ(2)(C,N)-C(6)H(3)R-3(NHC(NHAr)(═NAr))-2}Cl(S(O)Me(2))] (Ar = 2-RC(6)H(4); R = OMe (8) and Me (9)), in 92% and 79% yields, respectively. The new complexes have been characterized by analytical and spectroscopic techniques, and further the molecular structures of 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, and 8 have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The platinum atom in 1, 4, and 5 exhibited the trans configuration, while that in 2, 6, and 8 exhibited the cis configuration. Complex 6 is shown to be the precursor for 9, and the former is suggested to transform to the latter possibly via an intramolecular C-H activation followed by elimination of AcOH. The solution behavior of new complexes has been studied by multinuclear NMR ((1)H, (195)Pt, and (13)C) spectroscopy. The new complexes exist exclusively as a single isomer (trans (1 and 5) and cis (6 and 7)), a mixture of cis and trans isomers with the former isomer being predominant in the case of 2 and the latter isomer being predominant in the case of 3. Complex 5 in the trans form revealed the presence of one isomer at 0.007 mM concentration and two isomers in about 1.00:0.12 ratio at 0.154 mM concentration as revealed by (1)H NMR spectroscopy, and this has been ascribed to the restricted Pt-S bond rotation at higher concentration. Platinacycle 8 exists as one isomer, while 9 exists as a mixture of seven isomers in solution. The influence of steric factor, π-acceptor property of the guanidine, subtle solid-state packing forces upon the configuration of the platinum atom, and the number of isomers in solution have been outlined. Factors that accelerate or slow down the cycloplatination reaction, the role of NaOAc, and a plausible mechanism of this reaction have been discussed.

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