Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

Characterization of a gene encoding the outer membrane receptor for ferric enterobactin in Aeromonas hydrophila ATCC 7966(T).

PMID 23391908


Aeromonas hydrophila ATCC 7966(T) produces a catecholate siderophore amonabactin in response to iron starvation. In this study, we determined that this strain utilizes exogenously supplied enterobactin (Ent) for growth under iron-limiting conditions. A homology search of the A. hydrophila ATCC 7966(T) genomic sequence revealed the existence of a candidate gene encoding a protein homologous to Vibrio parahaemolyticus IrgA that functions as the outer membrane receptor for ferric Ent. SDS-PAGE showed induction of IrgA under iron-limiting conditions. The growth of the double mutant of irgA and entA (one of the amonabactin biosynthetic genes) was restored when it was complemented with irgA in the presence of Ent. Moreover, a growth assay of three isogenic tonB mutants indicated that the tonB2 system exclusively provides energy for IrgA to transport ferric Ent. Finally, reverse transcriptase-quantitative PCR revealed that the transcription of irgA and the TonB2 system cluster genes is iron-regulated, consistently with the presence of a predicted Fur box in the promoter region.

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E3910 Enterobactin, from Escherichia coli, ≥98% (HPLC)