Analytical biochemistry

Recovery of components of fluorescence spectra of mixtures by intensity- and anisotropy decay-associated analysis: the bacterial luciferase intermediates.

PMID 2339779


Reaction of FMNH2 and O2 with bacterial luciferase followed by blue light irradiation results in a product previously claimed to have the same fluorescence spectral distribution as the bioluminescence. Preparations of this "high fluorescence" intermediate, however, contain two fluorescent components, one from the intermediate and the other its breakdown product, FMN. Since the intermediate has a fluorescence lifetime of around 10 ns and a rotational correlation time in the range of 100 ns, compared to 5.0 and 0.15 ns, respectively, for the FMN, the two components can be successfully resolved from the total fluorescence by an anisotropy decay- and fluorescence decay-associated analysis employing simultaneous global computational methods. The fluorescence spectra of the intermediates from two types of luciferase were analyzed in this way; one luciferase was from Vibrio harveyi and the other was from an unusual type of V. fischeri that had an in vivo bioluminescence maximum at 505 nm, a wavelength almost 20 nm longer than that of the V. harveyi bioluminescence. For V. harveyi the true fluorescence of the intermediate is distinct from the bioluminescence, being found at a wavelength about 10 nm longer. For the type of V. fischeri examined, any difference in the two spectra is less certain. A control experiment with the dye 8-amino-1- naphthalenesulfonate bound to BSA and mixed with FMN recovered the original spectrum of the bound dye accurately.