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Food chemistry

Radical scavenging activity and cytotoxicity of active quinic acid derivatives from Scorzonera divaricata roots.


PMID 23411343

Abstract

Five new quinic acid derivatives and two known 3-O-feruloylquinic acids were isolated from the roots of Scorzonera divaricata Turcz. The new compounds were elucidated as (-)-1,4-di-O-feruloyl-3-O-dihydrocaffeoylquinic acid, (-)-1-O-feruloyl-4-O- dihydrocaffeoylquinic acid, (-)-3,5-di-O-feruloylquinic acid, (-)-1-O-feruloyl-3-O-dihydro- caffeoylquinic acid, and (-)-1-O-feruloyl-5-O-dihydrocaffeoylquinic acid based on extensive spectroscopic studies, including one- and two-dimensional NMR, HRESIMS, UV, and IR results. Five compounds were assessed for antioxidant activity by ABTS and DPPH radical-scavenging assays and for their cytotoxicity against HL-60 and Hep-G2 cell lines by the MTT assay. Three quinic acid derivatives exhibited strong antioxidant activity, with IC(50) values of 3.95, 5.87, and 7.45 μg/mL against ABTS(+) and 11.7, 13.6, and 50.1 μg/mL against DPPH(). (-)-1,4-Di-O-feruloyl-3-O-dihydrocaffeoylquinic acid also exhibited moderate activity against Hep-G2 cell lines with an IC(50) value of 14.6 μg/mL.

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