Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy

Simple and sensitive detection method for Cobalt(II) in water using CePO4:Tb3+ nanocrystals as fluorescent probes.

PMID 23416919


A simple and sensitive method for detecting cobalt by synchronous fluorescence spectrometry technique with a novel fluorescence probe CePO4:Tb(3+) has been developed. CePO4:Tb(3+) nanocrystals were synthesized in aqueous solutions and characterized by transmission electron microscopy, electron diffraction pattern spectroscopy and spectrofluorometry. When Δλ=210 nm, the selected synchronous fluorescence is produced at 284 nm. CePO4:Tb(3+) nanocrystals were negatively charged under weakly basic conditions (pH=8.2), which can interact with Co(2+) via electrostatic interaction. Moreover, there is the spectrum overlap between the emission wavelength of CePO4:Tb(3+) NCs and the absorbance of Co(2+). So the energy transfer would occur, leading to the quenching phenomenon. The quenching equation of the system was agreed with the Stern-Volmer equation. The linear range and detection limit of Co(2+) were 5-1.8 μM and 3.5 nM, respectively. The method is successfully applied to the quantification of Co(2+) in water samples.