Journal of AOAC International

Application of a microplate-based ORAC-pyrogallol red assay for the estimation ofantioxidant capacity: First Action 2012.03.

PMID 23451368


A method was developed for microplate-based oxygen radicals absorbance capacity (ORAC) using pyrogallol red (PGR) as probe (ORAC-PGR). The method was evaluated for linearity, precision, and accuracy. In addition, the antioxidant capacity of commercial beverages, such as wines, fruit juices, and iced teas, was measured. Linearity of the area under the curve (AUC) versus Trolox concentration plots was [AUC = (845 +/- 110) + (23 +/- 2) [Trolox, microM]; R = 0.9961, n = 19]. Analyses showed better precision and accuracy at the highest Trolox concentration (40 microM) with RSD and recovery (REC) values of 1.7 and 101.0%, respectively. The method also showed good linearity for red wine [AUC = (787 +/- 77) + (690 +/- 60) [red wine, microL/mL]; R = 0.9926, n = 17], precision and accuracy with RSD values from 1.4 to 8.3%, and REC values that ranged from 89.7 to 103.8%. Red wines showed higher ORAC-PGR values than white wines, while the ORAC-PGR index of fruit juices and iced teas presented a wide range of results, from 0.6 to 21.6 mM of Trolox equivalents. Product-to-product variability was also observed for juices of the same fruit, showing the differences between brands on the ORAC-PGR index.