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Advances in clinical and experimental medicine : official organ Wroclaw Medical University

A high-carbohydrate diet effects on the A allele of hepatic lipase polymorphism on the apoB100/apoAI ratio in young Chinese males.


PMID 23457133

Abstract

Diet induces changes in plasma lipid profiles, and the plasma lipid profiles vary among different genetic backgrounds. The aim of this study was to investigate how a high-carbohydrate (high-CHO) diet interacts with hepatic lipase G-250A promoter polymorphism to affect the ratios of plasma lipids and apolipoproteins (apo) in a young Chinese population. Experiments were conducted on 56 university students. A stabilization diet was given for 7 days and a high-CHO diet was followed for 6 days. The diets used in this study were described by Song et al. and the following parameters were evaluated: total plasma triglyceride (TG), total plasma cholesterol (TC), plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apoB100 and apoAI. The plasma lipids and apoB100/apoAI ratios were also calculated and hepatic lipase G-250A polymorphism was analyzed. At baseline, no significant difference was detected for subjects with different genotypes and genders. All the parameters showed significant differences before and after the high-CHO diet, and these differences are gender-specific: after the high-CHO diet, the TG/HDL-C ratios significantly increased in females (GG genotype: P = 0.004; A carriers: P = 0.005). The TC/HDL-C ratios significantly decreased in GG genotype males (P = 0.007), A carrier males (P < 0.0001) and A carrier females (P = 0.016) and the LDL-C/HDL-C ratios significantly decreased in the GG genotype males (P = 0.011), A carrier males (P < 0.0001) and A carrier females (P = 0.001). However, comparing the apoB100/apoAI ratio before and after the high-CHO diet, a significant difference only existed in male A carriers (P = 0.009). The results of this study show that the high-CHO diet induces the positive effects on the lipid ratios in general, only except the TG/HDL-C ratio in females. Noticeably, the decreased apoB100/apoAI ratio is associated with the A allele of hepatic lipase G-250A polymorphism only in young Chinese males.