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The journal of physical chemistry. B

Compensating effects of urea and trimethylamine-N-oxide on the heteroassociation of α-chymotrypsin and soybean trypsin inhibitor.


PMID 23472887

Abstract

An assay for the determination of the equilibrium constant for heteroassociation of α-chymotrypsin and soybean trypsin inhibitor via fluorescence depolarization is described. Results obtained at neutral pH in saline buffer were consistent with prior determinations via sedimentation equilibrium and static light scattering. The dependence of the association equilibrium constant upon the concentrations of urea and trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) added individually and in mixtures was determined at several temperatures. It was found that subdenaturing concentrations of urea decrease the extent of heteroassociation and that added TMAO increases the extent of heteroassociation. The effects of both cosolutes in mixtures upon the equilibrium heteroassociation of α-chymotrypsin and soybean trypsin inhibitor appear to be additive. A thermodynamic analysis of the combined results is presented.