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Journal of medicinal chemistry

Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of benzo[de][1,7]naphthyridin-7(8H)-ones bearing a functionalized longer chain appendage as novel PARP1 inhibitors.


PMID 23473053

Abstract

A series of benzo[de][1,7]naphthyridin-7(8H)-ones possessing a functionalized long-chain appendage have been designed and evaluated as novel PARP1 inhibitors. The initial effort led to the first-generation PARP1 inhibitor 26 bearing a terminal phthalazin-1(2H)-one framework and showing remarkably high PARP1 inhibitory activity (0.31 nM) but only moderate potency in the cell. Further effort generated the second-generation lead 41, showing high potency against both the PARP1 enzyme and BRCA-deficient cells, especially for the BRCA1-deficient MDA-MB-436 cells (CC50 < 0.26 nM). Mechanistic studies revealed that the new PARP1 inhibitors significantly inhibited H2O2-triggered PARylation in SKOV3 cells, induced cellular accumulation of DNA double-strand breaks, and impaired cell-cycle progression in BRCA2-deficient cells. Significant potentiation on the cytotoxicity of Temozolomide was also observed. The unique structural character and exceptionally high potency of 41 made it stand out as a promising drug candidate worthy for further evaluation.

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P0996 PARP-1 human, recombinant, expressed in E. coli