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Biochimica et biophysica acta

Brg1-dependent epigenetic control of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation by hydrogen sulfide.


PMID 23499876

Abstract

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) can modulate the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. This study was designed to investigate the epigenetic control of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation in response to H2S. Microarray analysis indicated that Brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1) and proliferation-related genes including proliferating cell nuclear antigen (Pcna), neurotrophin 3 (Ntf3) and platelet-derived growth factor subunit A (Pdgfα) were significantly downregulated by H2S in endothelin-1-stimulated proliferative vascular smooth muscle cells. Brg1 is the central catalytic subunit of the SWI/SNF apparatus (an ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complex). Overexpression and knockdown of Brg1 confirmed that Brg1 was crucial for H2S-induced inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. A luciferase reporter assay, real-time PCR and Western blotting demonstrated that H2S inhibited Brg1 transcription and expression. A DNase I hypersensitivity assay revealed that H2S reversed endothelin-1-stimulated Pcna, Ntf3 and Pdgfα chromatin remodeling and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. A chromatin immunoprecipitation assay indicated that H2S inhibited the recruitment of Brg1 to the Pcna, Ntf3 and Pdgfα promoters. The results of this study indicate that H2S inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation via an epigenetic mechanism involving the inhibition of Brg1 transcription and expression, and by reducing the recruitment of Brg1 to the Pcna, Ntf3 and Pdgfα promoter regions.