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Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)

Dermatic Scedosporium apiospermum infection after autologous bone marrow transplantation.


PMID 23503412

Abstract

Infection with Scedosporium apiospermum (S. apiospermum) is rare, although it is associated with a high fatality rate, especially in immunosuppressed patients. A 23-year-old man with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) (M2) who was pretreated with chemotherapy for autologous bone marrow transplantation developed a skin ulcer on the left groin. After a culture study demonstrated the presence of S. apiospermum, voriconazole was administered and the lesion rapidly improved. Since a diagnosis of S. apiospermum continues to depend on the results of a fungal culture and most isolates of S. apiospermum are resistant to amphotericin B, voriconazole should be considered as the first choice when "mold" is thought to be the causative organism.