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Macromolecular rapid communications

Hetero diels-alder chemistry for the functionalization of single-walled carbon nanotubes with cyclopentadienyl end-capped polymer strands.


PMID 23504909

Abstract

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are pre-functionalized with a pyridinyl-based dithioester to undergo a hetero Diels-Alder (HDA) reaction with cyclopentadienyl end-capped poly(methyl)methacrylate (Mn = 2700 g mol(-1) , PDI = 1.14). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, elemental analysis (EA), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) evidence the success of the grafting process. The estimated resulting grafting density (from XPS and EA) via the HDA reaction increases by a factor of more than two (0.0774 chains·nm(-2) via XPS) compared with typical values obtained via a direct cyclopentadiene driven Diels-Alder conjugation onto non-functional SWCNTs under similar conditions.