Journal of investigative surgery : the official journal of the Academy of Surgical Research

Matrix metaloproteinase-2 and -9 serum levels as potential markers of intraperitoneal adhesions.

PMID 23514055


To assess the value of matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2) and -9 (MMP-9) as prognostic serum markers for intraperitoneal adhesions. Postoperative adhesions are associated with serious complications responsible for increased patient's morbidity. Forty-eight rabbits were used and randomized into groups A, B, C, and D. Abdominal laparotomy and experimental adhesion formation model was carried out. In group A, 60 mL of N/S 0.9% were instilled intraperitoneally, in group B 60 mL of icodextrin 4% were instilled intraperitoneally, in group C 0.1 mL/kg of dimetindene maleate were administered intravenously, and in group D both agents were administered. Prior to euthanasia 0.5 mL of blood was obtained. The type, the surface area of adhesions, and serum concentration of MMPs were assessed. The mean surface area and Zuhlke classification of adhesions of groups B, C, and D has been proved to be significantly lower compared to group A. Serum MMP-2 levels were significantly higher in groups B and D than in group A, while group D was higher when compared to group C. Serum MMP-9 levels were significantly higher in group D compared to groups A, B, and C. Serum MMP-9 was the most accurate test to differentiate between animals with and without adhesions with a sensitivity of 81.8% and a specificity of 100% at a cut-off point of 21.5 (AUC = 0.934). The administration of icodextrin 4% and dimetindene maleate seems to prevent postoperative adhesion formation. Serum levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 may serve as prognostic markers to identify postoperative adhesions.

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D2205000 Dimetindene maleate, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
C20H24N2 · C4H4O4