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Developmental cell

Hec1-dependent cyclin B2 stabilization regulates the G2-M transition and early prometaphase in mouse oocytes.


PMID 23541922

Abstract

The functions of the Ndc80/Hec1 subunit of the highly conserved Ndc80 kinetochore complex are normally restricted to M phase when it exerts a pivotal kinetochore-based role. Here, we find that in mouse oocytes, depletion of Hec1 severely compromises the G2-M transition because of impaired activation of cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1). Unexpectedly, impaired M phase entry is due to instability of the Cdk1-activating subunit, cyclin B2, which cannot be covered by cyclin B1. Hec1 protects cyclin B2 from destruction by the Cdh1-activated anaphase-promoting complex (APC(Cdh1)) and remains important for cyclin B2 stabilization during early M phase, required for the initial stages of acentrosomal spindle assembly. By late M phase, however, Hec1 and cyclin B2 become uncoupled, and although Hec1 remains stable, APC(Cdc20) triggers cyclin B2 destruction. These data identify another dimension to Hec1 function centered on M phase entry and early prometaphase progression and challenge the view that cyclin B2 is completely dispensable in mammals.