Carbohydrate polymers

Evaluation of tropicamide-loaded tamarind seed xyloglucan nanoaggregates for ophthalmic delivery.

PMID 23544540


The present study was aimed to prepare tamarind seed nanoaggregates and its evaluation for ophthalmic delivery. The preparation of tropicamide-loaded tamarind seed xyloglucan nanoaggregates was optimized using face centred central composite experimental design, employing the concentrations of tamarind seed xyloglucan and Poloxamer-407, as independent variables. The results revealed that concentration of TSX has a significant antagonistic effect on particle size, while poloxamer displayed a significant synergistic effect on encapsulation efficiency. The optimal concentrations of TSX and poloxamer were found to be 0.45% (w/v) and 0.5% (w/v) respectively. The optimized formulation of tropicamide-loaded TSX nanoaggregates showed a significantly higher corneal permeation of tropicamide across the isolated goat cornea compared to commercial conventional aqueous formulation. The results revealed excellent mucoadhesive properties of TSX nanoaggregates. Further, the tropicamide-loaded TSX nanoaggregates formulation showed excellent ocular tolerance and biocompatibility as determined by hen's egg test chorioallantoic membrane and resazurin assay on Vero cell lines.