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European journal of immunology

The interaction between C5a and both C5aR and C5L2 receptors is required for production of G-CSF during acute inflammation.


PMID 23575697

Abstract

The complement activation product, C5a, is a key factor for regulation of inflammatory responses. C5a and C5adesArg bind to their receptors, C5aR and C5L2, but the functional roles of C5L2 remain controversial. We screened the patterns of 23 inflammatory mediators in cultures of LPS-activated mouse peritoneal elicited macrophages (PEMs) in the presence or absence of recombinant mouse C5a. Production of most mediators studied was suppressed by C5a, whereas G-CSF production was enhanced. G-CSF gene expression and secretion from PEMs was amplified two- to threefold by C5a in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. The degradation product C5adesArg promoted lower levels of G-CSF. The effects of C5a on G-CSF were associated with activation of PI3K/Akt and MEK1/2 signaling pathways. C5a did not enhance G-CSF production in cultures of PEMs from either C5aR- or C5L2-deficient mice, indicating that both C5a receptors are indispensable for mediating the effects of C5a in the production of G-CSF. Finally, G-CSF levels in plasma during polymicrobial sepsis after cecal ligation and puncture were substantially lower in C5aR- or C5L2-deficient mice as compared with that in C57BL/6J WT mice. These findings elucidate the functional characteristics of the C5L2 receptor during the acute inflammatory response.

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