International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology

Streptomyces harbinensis sp. nov., an endophytic, ikarugamycin-producing actinomycete isolated from soybean root [Glycine max (L.) Merr].

PMID 23584286


A novel ikarugamycin-producing actinomycete, designated strain NEAU-Da3(T), was isolated from soybean root [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] and characterized using a polyphasic approach. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity studies showed that strain NEAU-Da3(T) belonged to the genus Streptomyces, and was most closely related to Streptomyces carpaticus NRRL B-16359(T) (99.5 %), Streptomyces cheonanensis VC-A46(T) (99.3 %) and Streptomyces xiamenensis MCCC 1A01550(T) (97.2 %); similarities to other type strains of species of the genus Streptomyces were lower than 97.1 %. The maximum-likelihood phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate formed a distinct phyletic line with S. carpaticus NRRL B-16359(T), S. cheonanensis VC-A46(T) and S. xiamenensis MCCC 1A01550(T). This branching pattern was also supported by the tree reconstructed with the neighbour-joining method. A comparative study between strain NEAU-Da3(T) and the type strains of the closest related species of the genus Streptomyces revealed that it differed from them in morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics. Therefore, it is proposed that strain NEAU-Da3(T) represents a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces harbinensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NEAU-Da3(T) ( = CGMCC 4.7047(T) = DSM 42076(T)).