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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Deficiency of β-arrestin1 ameliorates collagen-induced arthritis with impaired TH17 cell differentiation.


PMID 23589893

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory disease in which interleukin 17 (IL-17)-producing T helper 17 (T(H)17) cells have been critically involved. We show that in patients with RA, the expression of a multifunctional regulator β-arrestin1 was significantly up-regulated in peripheral and synovial CD4(+) T cells, which correlated well with active phases of RA. In collagen-induced arthritis, deficiency of β-arrestin1 ameliorated disease with decreased T(H)17 cell differentiation, proinflammatory cytokine production, synovitis, and cartilage and bone destruction. Further mechanistic study reveals that β-arrestin1 promoted signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) activation required for T(H)17 cell differentiation through scaffolding the interaction of Janus kinase 1 and STAT3. These findings indicate a critical role for β-arrestin1 in the pathogenesis of collagen-induced arthritis and T(H)17 cell differentiation and suggest β-arrestin1 as a potential diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic target for RA.

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