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ACS combinatorial science

Uncatalyzed one-pot synthesis of highly substituted pyridazines and pyrazoline-spirooxindoles via domino SN/condensation/aza-ene addition cyclization reaction sequence.


PMID 23621648

Abstract

A previously unknown class of highly substituted pyridazines and pyrazoline-spirooxinoles are easily prepared by an uncatalyzed one-pot three-component approach incorporating a domino SN/condensation/aza-ene addition cyclization reaction sequence. 1,1-Dihydrazino-2-nitroethylene (DHNE) which is generated in situ from the nucleophilic substitution (SN) reaction of hydrazine and 1,1-bis(methylthio)-2-nitroethylene (BMTNE), allowed to be condensed with active 1,2-dicarbonyl compounds followed by an intramolecular aza-ene addition cyclization to obtain the titled products depending on the type of 1,2-dicarbonyl. All reactions are easily performed and proceed with high efficiency under very simple and mild conditions without any catalyst and give good yields avoiding time-consuming, costly syntheses, and tedious workup and purification of products.

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