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Cancer research

BMP-6 in renal cell carcinoma promotes tumor proliferation through IL-10-dependent M2 polarization of tumor-associated macrophages.


PMID 23633487

Abstract

Dysregulated bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) may contribute to the development and progression of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Herein, we report that BMP-6 promotes the growth of RCC by interleukin (IL)-10-mediated M2 polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM). BMP-6-mediated IL-10 expression in macrophages required Smad5 and STAT3. In human RCC specimens, the three-marker signature BMP-6/IL-10/CD68 was associated with a poor prognosis. Furthermore, patients with elevated IL-10 serum levels had worse outcome after surgery. Together, our results suggest that BMP-6/macrophage/IL-10 regulates M2 polarization of TAMs in RCC.

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