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Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology

Stealth cationic liposomes modified with anti-CAGE single-chain fragment variable deliver recombinant methioninase for gastric carcinoma therapy.


PMID 23646714

Abstract

Stealth cationic liposomes (SCLs) modified with tumor-targeting single-chain fragment variable (scFV) antibody for systemic delivery of recombinant methioninase (rMETase) for gastric cancer were prepared successfully. These functional SCL nanoparticles are composed of cationic lipids, dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine, and distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine-polyethylene glycol, which have lower gene transfection efficiencies compared with Lipofectamine 2000, and can also be used as effective gene delivery vectors. Increased therapeutic efficiency of rMETase-loaded scFV-SCLs were tested in SGC-7901 cells and compared with free rMETase in solution and rMETase-loaded SCLs. In addition, scFV-SCLs (effective diameter: 185.7 nm; polydispersity index: 0.236) can significantly boost rhodamine 123 cellular accumulation in the cytoplasm. The scFV-targeted SCLs can be used as a potentially effective drug delivery system.