The journal of adhesive dentistry

Efficacy of surface treatments on the bond strength of resin cements to two brands of zirconia ceramic.

PMID 23653899


To compare the shear bond strengths (SBS) of two cements to two Y-TZP ceramics subjected to different surface treatments. Zirconia specimens were made from Lava (n = 36) and IPS e.max ZirCAD (n = 36), and their surfaces were treated as follows: no treatment (control), silica coating with 30-µm silica-modified alumina (Al2O3) particles (CoJet Sand), or coating with liners Lava Ceram for Lava and Intensive ZirLiner for IPS e.max ZirCAD. Composite resin cylinders were bonded to zirconia with Panavia F or RelyX Unicem resin cements. All specimens were thermocycled (6000 cycles at 5°C/55°C) and subjected to SBS testing. Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey's (HSD) post-hoc test (α = 0.05). Failure mode was analyzed by stereomicroscope and SEM. CoJet Sand and liners promoted significantly higher SBS than their control groups, but had similar results to one another. Panavia F provided significantly higher SBS values than RelyX Unicem (p < 0.01) for nontreated zirconia specimens of both brands. When Lava and IPS e.max ZirCAD were abraded with CoJet Sand, RelyX Unicem promoted significantly higher SBS values than Panavia F (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference between the two cements when the zirconia specimens were treated with their respective liners. The nontreated specimens and those treated with CoJet Sand exhibited a high percentage of adhesive and mixed A failures, while the specimens treated with liners presented an increase in mixed A and mixed C failures as well as some cohesive failure in the bulk of Lava Ceram for both cements. CoJet Sand and liners provided the best surface treatment for Lava and IPS e.max ZirCAD. The best surface treatment/cement combinations were CoJet Sand/RelyX Unicem and liner/Panavia F. SBS of Panavia F and RelyX Unicem was not influenced by the zirconia brand.