Molecular biology reports

Cancer targeting gene-viro-therapy for pancreatic cancer using oncolytic adenovirus ZD55-IL-24 in immune-competent mice.

PMID 23666064


Cancer targeting gene-viro-therapy (CTGVT) may prove to be an effective treatment for pancreatic cancer (PC). This study was intended to explore the anti-tumor effect of ZD55-IL-24 (oncolytic adenovirus ZD55 harboring IL-24) on PC in immune-competent mice. The expression of gene harbored by oncolytic adenovirus ZD55 in PC cells was detected by reporter-gene assays. The in vitro anti PC ability of ZD55-IL-24 was tested by MTT, crystal violet staining and apoptosis assays. The in vivo anti PC effect of ZD55-IL-24 was further observed in an immune-competent mice model by detecting anti-tumor immunity and induction of apoptosis. The expression of gene harbored by ZD55 in PC cells was significantly higher than that harbored by the replicated-deficient adenovirus, and the amount of gene expression was time-dependent and dose-dependent. Both ZD55-IL-24 and ZD55 inhibited PC cells growth, but the anti-tumor effect of ZD55-IL-24 was significantly stronger than that of ZD55, and the ability of ZD55-IL-24 in inducing PC apoptosis was significantly stronger than that of ZD55. The tumor-forming rate of group ZD55-IL-24 was the lowest, and the tumor-growing rate was also significantly lower than that of group ZD55 in immune-competent PC models. Moreover, ZD55-IL-24 mediated more anti-cancer immunity effects by induction of stronger T-lymphocytes response to PC cells, higher levels of γ-IFN and IL-6 cytokines. ZD55-IL-24-mediated CTGVT could inhibit PC growth not only by inducing oncolysis and apoptosis but enhancing the anti-cancer immune effects by inducing T cell response to PC and up-regulating γ-IFN and IL-6 cytokine in immune-competent mice. This may serve as a candidate therapeutic approach for the treatment of PC.