Natural product communications

Effect of nine plant volatiles in the field on the sex pheromones of Leguminivora glycinivorella.

PMID 23678819


Attraction of the soybean pod borer, Leguminivora glycinivorella (Matsumura), an economically important pest of soybean, to nine plant volatiles, alone or combined with two kinds of synthetic sex pheromone, ((E,E)-8,10-dodecadienyl acetate (EE8,10-12:Ac), or a blend of EE8,10-12:Ac and (E)-10-dodecenyl acetate in a 10:1 ratio), was evaluated in field trapping experiments in a soybean field in Harbin, China. By themselves, the plant volatiles (dose) linalool (0.1 mg), (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate (0.1 mg), and geraniol (0.1 mg, 1.0 mg) were weakly attractive to L. glycinivorella males, but significantly reduced mean catches when higher doses were combined with pheromones. Conversely, (E)-2-hexenal, benzaldehyde, and phenylacetaldehyde were not attractive to L. glycinivorella males at any dose tested, but significantly increased mean catch when certain doses were combined with the binary pheromone blend. Other plant volatiles, such as (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol, (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, and (E)-2-hexenyl acetate, were unattractive on their own, but significantly reduced mean catch of L. glycinivorella males when certain doses were combined with the pheromones. These results suggest that efficacy of pheromone-baited traps for survey and monitoring of L. glycinivorella male moths may be enhanced by the addition of specific plant volatiles and that the relative dose is critical.